Archive News

Happenings and goings on in the Archive and Study Centre: Events, researchers, discoveries, additions. For latest articles added to the Archive and Study Centre section of the website, click here.

 

 david and junichi 2001 320Junichi Suzuki and David Clark at David Clark's home in Cambridge, August 2001.
Photograph by Craig Fees.

 

 

The late Dr. David H. Clark is internationally known as an enthusiastic and effective pioneer in social psychiatry. He was the Physician Superintendant of Fulbourn Hospital in Cambridge who led its opening up of therapeutic community wards, as described in his 1996 book, The Story of a Mental Hospital: Fulbourn 1858-1983. He was a founding member and first Chair of the Association of Therapeutic Communities, author of the influential books Administrative Therapy (1962), and Social Therapy in Psychiatry (1974), and an inspirational teacher and colleague.

In Japan he is also known as the author of The Clark Report, a critical survey and review of Japanese hospital psychiatry carried out on behalf of the World Health Organization during a four month visit from November 1967 to March 1968. He was concerned then that Japan was on the road to making the mistakes Western hospital psychiatry had made in the 19th century, with relentlessly growing numbers of inpatients, uneven standards, and few resources and little support for patients outside the hospital setting.

He wrote later that "the Clark Report caused considerable discussion in Japan in the early 1970s but that not much action was taken", and indeed, that by the 1980s Japan had pursued the course he had warned against, and had acquired "the melancholy distinction of the highest mental hospitalization rate in the world", with the attendant scandals and ill-treatments.

One of the exceptional young psychiatrists David Clark met in 1967 was Dr. Junichi Suzuki, who subsequently travelled to Britain, where he worked with Maxwell Jones at Dingleton Hospital in Scotland, and joined David Clark at Fulbourn as "a keen young Senior Registrar." Although he later returned to Japan, Dr. Suzuki regularly visited David in Cambridge, and in 2001 recorded this interview about "The Clark Report". It is a fascinating 59 minutes and 46 seconds, between two leading psychiatrists, and two very long-standing friends and colleagues.

Circulated in Japan after it was recorded, Dr. Suzuki sent a copy to the Archive earlier this year (2017), and is shared with Dr. Suzuki's permission.

 

 

 

 

 

matt 2017

35 audiocassettes, 2 gramophone records, 612 slides...Matt Naylor, formerly Assistant Archivist for the Planned Environment Therapy Trust and now Archivist for the Institute of Our Lady Of Mercy relaxes in the specially-prepared digitisation suite in the User's Room of the PETT Archive and Study Centre. Who else would take a week's holiday to digitise an admittedly fascinating collection of oral histories of Sisters of Mercy, as well as recorded services of celebration, music, and more, including images from IOLM congregations and ministries around the world?

It was a pleasure to have Matt's sense of humour and commitment in the Archive again; and the good news is: There is at least as much again to be digitised, and if times and holidays are on our side we will see him again.

As Matt catalogues his digital discoveries, perhaps we can also look forward to the odd excursion into blogs?

  • 370(!) downloads of Hylda Sims' interview;
  • 2,621(!) total downloads of Dennie Briggs papers, publications, and archives;
  • Annebella Pollen's 2016 talk on the British Woodcraft Movement - 103 downloads;
  • And RadioTC International still one of the overlooked gems of therapeutic community podcast delivery systems...

Audio, video and pdf files flying freely off our servers to computers around the world. Why not make a donation, to celebrate the energy and enterprise of a small charity?

 

Here is what people were listening to and looking at as summer 2017 crested towards autumn:

The 15 most popular downloads overall

Common Roots 2017: The Evening Interview: An Interview and Occasion with Hylda Sims (with music, poetry, and memories)

370

 

Dennie Briggs, "In School II: Growing Learning Communities

104 06 Hylda

Annebella Pollen, The British Woodcraft Movement: Origins and Legacies. A talk at Braziers Park (2016)

103

John Maher and Dennie Briggs, "Formative Causation: The Strange Driving Force" (Rupert Sheldrake/Morphic Resonance)

91

Dennie Briggs, "In Prison: Transitional Therapeutic Communities 1: Overview (Introduction to the Documents)

87

Dennie Briggs, "In School: Creating a Learning Community"

87

Dennie Briggs, "Maxwell Jones: Photo Highlights from his life and work"

83

The Joint Newsletter (of the Association of Therapeutic Communities, the Charterhouse Group of Therapeutic Communities, and the Planned Environment Therapy Trust), No. 5, July 2002

76

The Joint Newsletter (of the Association of Therapeutic Communities, the Charterhouse Group of Therapeutic Communities, and the Planned Environment Therapy Trust), No. 9, December 2003

71

Dennie Briggs, "In Prison: Transitional Therapeutic Communities 2. Beyond the Devil's Hole. Forestry Camp Communities.

69

Lisa K. Burns, "Elements for Holistic Sanctuary Design Based ont he Expressed Needs of Traumatized and At-Risk Adolescents", A dissertation presented to the Faculty of Saybrook Graduate School and Research Center in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Psychology (2008)

67

Dennie Briggs, "In Prison: Transitional Therapeutic Communities. 3. Prison Communities.

63

The Joint Newsletter, No, 7, March 2003

55
Dennie Briggs, "The Therapeutic Community: Dialogues WIth Maxwell Jones"  49
 Dennie Briggs, "What Would a Poet Know About Psychology?" 49

 

The ten most popular downloads, taking out Dennie Briggs

Common Roots 2017: The Evening Interview: An Interview and Occasion with Hylda Sims (with music, poetry, and memories)

370

 
Annebella Pollen, The British Woodcraft Movement: Origins and Legacies. A talk at Braziers Park (2016) 103 06 Hylda

The Joint Newsletter (of the Association of Therapeutic Communities, the Charterhouse Group of Therapeutic Communities, and the Planned Environment Therapy Trust), No. 5, July 2002


76
The Joint Newsletter (of the Association of Therapeutic Communities, the Charterhouse Group of Therapeutic Communities, and the Planned Environment Therapy Trust), No. 9, December 2003 71
Lisa K. Burns, "Elements for Holistic Sanctuary Design Based ont he Expressed Needs of Traumatized and At-Risk Adolescents", A dissertation presented to the Faculty of Saybrook Graduate School and Research Center in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Psychology (2008) 67
The Joint Newsletter, No, 7, March 2003 55
 The Joint Newsletter, No. 6, November 2002  43

The Joint Newsletter, No. 10, April/Spring 2004

 41

 Polly Shields, "Finding a place for Forest School (1929-1940) in the history and future of education"

 37
 Stijn Vandevelde, "Maxwell Jones and His Work in the Therapeutic Community", MEdSc, Ghent University (1999) [translation from Dutch by Dieuwke Twinberrow for PETT]  36

 

The top 10 Audio downloads

Common Roots 2017: The Evening Interview: An Interview and Occasion with Hylda Sims (with music, poetry, and memories) 370  

Annebella Pollen, The British Woodcraft Movement: Origins and Legacies. A talk at Braziers Park (2016)

103

06 Hylda         

Mr. Lyward's Introduction to Finchden Manor. Transcribed from a Dictation Tape 25/5/66. The original webpage can be accessed here.

 18
Howard Mitchell, "Schedules of Reinforcement for the Oral Historian” [Personal reflection] the Oral History Society’s “Psycho-Social Therapies and Care Environments” Special Interest Group inaugural event, April 27th, 2016. 17
Verusca Calabria ‘Insider Stories from the Asylum: The Role of Social Support and Networks’ the Oral History Society’s “Psycho-Social Therapies and Care Environments” Special Interest Group inaugural event, April 27th, 2016. 17
Will Eiduks and Len Clarke, 'The Early Pestalozzi Children Project'
the Oral History Society’s “Psycho-Social Therapies and Care Environments” Special Interest Group inaugural event, April 27th, 2016.
17
Tom Harrison, "Through the one-way looking glass: from Clinician to Historian"
the Oral History Society’s “Psycho-Social Therapies and Care Environments” Special Interest Group inaugural event, April 27th, 2016.
17

Carolyn Mears, "Personal Reflection", the Oral History Society’s “Psycho-Social Therapies and Care Environments” Special Interest Group inaugural event, April 27th, 2016.

15

Hazel Powell, interviewed by Craig Fees, 25 September 1997 (1 of 7) . The web-page, with transcript, can be accessed here.

3

Elaine Harris, "The Lasting Legacies of Oral History: Memories of Kibble, 1928-2008" talk at "The Struggle of Memory Against Forgetting", 'Therapeutic Living With Other People's Children' project conference (2011). The webpage can be accessed here.

3

 

The top 10 downloads from RadioTC International

For a complete list of RadioTC International programmes, CLICK HERE

Anthony Slater interview: Dr. Efren Ramirez, "Founder of Phoenix House in New York in 1967, currently the director of Comunidad Terapeutica Ambulatoria de Ocean Park, in Puerto Rico." (11 July 2008)  7
10th International Symposium of Substance Abuse Treatment, Oslo, Norway, 1-3 October 2007. Recordings by Anthony Slater. Evening Jazz with George DeLeon on saxophone. Broadcast October 8, 2007 3
Rex Haigh, "Community of Communities: Past, Present and Future", Community of Communities Annual Forum 2008. PowerPoint presentation. 3
Dr. Tim Kendall, "Questions and Answers on Research and the work of the National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE", Community of Communities Annual Forum 2008 PowerPoint presentation. 3
Rex Haigh's Audio Diaries, Series 2/14: "A Living-Learning Experience in Italy: Spoleto 2006. By Rex Haigh, Jan Lees, Aldo Lombardo, Gian Carlo Decimo, and friends." 3
"Questions for panel from the floor, chaired by Jan Lees", Community of Communities Annual Forum 2006. 2
Janice Jones, Executive Officer of the Australasian Therapeutic Communities Association (ATCA) visits the Planned Environment Therapy Trust Archive and Study Centre on her way to the 2007 EFTC Conference in Slovenia, and discusses the therapeutic community situation in Australia and New Zealand, the development and future of ATCA, and the background and experience that brought her 12 months ago into the therapeutic community fold 2

Anthony Slater interviews: Mads Uffe Pedersen and Prof. Håkan Jenner, With comments by Ms. Bente Gulbrandsen, Director of Research and Development, Phoenix Haga, Norway, at the 10th International Symposium on Substance Abuse Treatment, Oslo 2007.

2
Maria's Diary: The Phoenix House Haga skiing trip at Håfjell mountain hotel, just outside Lillehammer in Norway. 2. Interview 2
Isabel and Jeanette of Phoenix House Haga interview

Carsten Hald, Deputy Director of Samtun Therapeutic Community, and Kristin Lervik, Deputy Director of Renavangen Therapeutic Community (på Norsk)

2

 

The top 15 downloads of theses and dissertations, and conference papers

For a full list of theses, dissertations, and papers available on the PETT website, please CLICK HERE.

 

Lisa K. Burns, "Elements for Holistic Sanctuary Design Based ont he Expressed Needs of Traumatized and At-Risk Adolescents", A dissertation presented to the Faculty of Saybrook Graduate School and Research Center in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Psychology (2008)

67

burns2008          
Polly Shields, "Finding a place for Forest School (1929-1940) in the history and future of education" 37
Stijn Vandevelde, "Maxwell Jones and His Work in the Therapeutic Community", MEdSc, Ghent University (1999) [translation from Dutch by Dieuwke Twinberrow for PETT] 36
Emily Carrick, "Non-Directive Play Therapy with Children and Young People in Residential Care: A Qualitative Study of Play Therapists’ Experiences." MA Non-Directive Play Therapy University of York (2009) 35
Robin Posniak, "Black Power Meets Flower Power: The Participation and Interaction of Stokely Carmichael and Allen Ginsburg at the DFialectics of Liberation Congress, MA, American Studies, University of Wyoming (2015) 29

Marc Steele, "'Angels with dirty faces': A reflective study of the journey of a residential care worker's emotional and practical development, in order to aid the development of therapeutic ethos in a private care provision", MA, Therapeutic Child Care, University of Reading (2007)

20

John Diamond, "The Use of Supervision and Consultation to Develop a 'Reflective' Practice with an Emotionally Disturbed Client Group in Group Care Organizations", M.A., University of Reading (1993)

19

Michael Bennett, "Managing to be a Clinically Effective Therapeutic Community", MBA (Health Executive) (2003) 18

Robin Johnson, "In Search of the Enabling Environment: A comparative study of therapeutic community models and structures, identifying some underlhying modalities or dimensions of interaction", WLIHE Diploma in Applied Social Studies (1981)

13
Linnet McMahon, "Communication in daily living with very troubled children and young people." Paper presented to the Carlow College and the Masters in Therapeutic Child Care Course Conference, "Making All the Difference: A Therapeutic Community Approach to Residential and Community Care", Carlow College, (2009) 11
Lorraine Easterbrook, 'Appendices', to "Does the SACCS Assessment Process contribute to the 'Recovery' of Traumatised Children in the area of Attachment?", MA, Therapeutic Child Care, University of Reading (2006). The actual thesis is online as an html document, so doesn't record as a download. The thesis itself is available here. 10

K. Keenan, "Food Glorious Food? An exploration of the issues of anxiety and its containment for childrn and adults surrounding food and mealtimes in a residential therapeutic setting", MA, Therapeutic Child Care, University of Reading (2006)

10

Carolyn Mears, "Experiences of Columbine Parents: FInding a Way to Tomorrow", PhD, University of Denver (2005)

10

Deborah Best, "Staff: taking care of ourselves and each other". Paper presented to the Carlow College and the Masters in Therapeutic Child Care Course Conference, "Making All the Difference: A Therapeutic Community Approach to Residential and Community Care", Carlow College, (2009)

 9

Dave Fernyhough, "A Winnicottian Approach to the Managemern of Challenging Behaviours in Schools", MA, Therapeutic Child Care, University of Reading (2006)

6

 

 

Day in and day out, quietly in the background, hundreds of digitised documents, recordings, and publications fly off the PETT servers to people around the world. A quiet service of the Archive and Study Centre, we have been making, digitising, and providing documents, recordings, original publications, theses and dissertations online for 20 years.

The figures on this page only capture downloads of audio, video and pdf files, and don't reflect the total of documents and publications delivered as images or in html. This is a substantial free service, by a service-oriented charity. Please consider making a donation, to help support our work.

For the most popular downloads of 2017, from January through May 2017, see here. The most popular downloads of June 2017 were:

 

The 15 most popular downloads overall

Dennie Briggs, "In School II: Growing Learning Communities

103                inschool2

Annebella Pollen, The British Woodcraft Movement: Origins and Legacies. A talk at Braziers Park (2016)

86

The Joint Newsletter (of the Association of Therapeutic Communities, the Charterhouse Group of Therapeutic Communities, and the Planned Environment Therapy Trust), No. 9, December 2003

80

Dennie Briggs, "In Prison: Transitional Therapeutic Communities 1: Overview (Introduction to the Documents)

78

John Maher and Dennie Briggs, "Formative Causation: The Strange Driving Force" (Rupert Sheldrake/Morphic Resonance)

74

The Joint Newsletter, No. 5, July 2002

74

Lisa K. Burns, "Elements for Holistic Sanctuary Design Based ont he Expressed Needs of Traumatized and At-Risk Adolescents", A dissertation presented to the Faculty of Saybrook Graduate School and Research Center in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Psychology (2008)

69

Dennie Briggs, "Maxwell Jones: Photo Highlights from his life and work"

58

The Joint Newsletter, No. 6, November 2002

49

Dennie Briggs, "In Prison: Transitional Therapeutic Communities. 3. Prison Communities.

48

Dennie Briggs, "In Prison: Transitional Therapeutic Communities 2. Beyond the Devil's Hole. Forestry Camp Communities.

44

The Joint Newsletter, No. 12, November/Fall 2004

43

The Joint Newsletter, No, 7, March 2003

43

Robin Posniak, "Black Power Meets Flower Power: The Participation and Interaction of Stokely Carmichael and Allen Ginsburg at the DFialectics of Liberation Congress, MA, American Studies, University of Wyoming (2015)

42
Polly Shields, "Finding a place for Forest School (1929-1940) in the history and future of education" 41

 

 

The top 15 Audio downloads

Annebella Pollen, The British Woodcraft Movement: Origins and Legacies. A talk at Braziers Park (2016)

86

braziers 2016 02 20
         

Common Roots 2017: The Evening Interview: An Interview and Occasion with Hylda Simms (with music, poetry, and memories)

 32

Carolyn Mears, "Personal Reflection", the Oral History Society’s “Psycho-Social Therapies and Care Environments” Special Interest Group inaugural event, April 27th, 2016.

20

Verusca Calabria ‘Insider Stories from the Asylum: The Role of Social Support and Networks’ the Oral History Society’s “Psycho-Social Therapies and Care Environments” Special Interest Group inaugural event, April 27th, 2016.

18

Will Eiduks and Len Clarke, 'The Early Pestalozzi Children Project'
the Oral History Society’s “Psycho-Social Therapies and Care Environments” Special Interest Group inaugural event, April 27th, 2016.

18

Tom Harrison, "Through the one-way looking glass: from Clinician to Historian"
the Oral History Society’s “Psycho-Social Therapies and Care Environments” Special Interest Group inaugural event, April 27th, 2016.

18

Howard Mitchell, "Schedules of Reinforcement for the Oral Historian” [Personal reflection] the Oral History Society’s “Psycho-Social Therapies and Care Environments” Special Interest Group inaugural event, April 27th, 2016.

17

Mr. Lyward's Introduction to Finchden Manor. Transcribed from a Dictation Tape 25/5/66. The original webpage can be accessed here.

8

Hazel Powell, interviewed by Craig Fees, 25 September 1997 (1 of 7) . The web-page, with transcript, can be accessed here.

6

Elaine Harris, "The Lasting Legacies of Oral History: Memories of Kibble, 1928-2008" talk at "The Struggle of Memory Against Forgetting", 'Therapeutic Living With Other People's Children' project conference (2011). The webpage can be accessed here.

24

 

The top 10 audio downloads from RadioTC International

For a complete list of RadioTC International programmes, CLICK HERE

 

"SOCIOTHERAPY": A talk about the change processes used at Fraser House, a Therapeutic Community in North Ryde Hospital on the Sydney North Shore, Australia, 1959 to 1968. By Dr. Les Spencer in Melbourne, Australia. Recorded February 17, 2009

4
 REX HAIGH's AUDIO DIARIES SERIES 3/ 20. The new breed of mini-TCs

Rex discovers how easy it is to make a podcast, and tries to convert the world. Broadcast 8 July 2007

 4
12th Annual Maxwell Jones Lecture: "Therapeutic Communities: - a natural impulse or evolving technology",

Welcome: Diana Menzies, Clinical Director, Henderson Hospital.
LECTURER: DAVID KENNARD, Consultant Clinical Psychologist and Group Analyst, former editor of the journal Therapeutic Communities, author of An Introduction to Therapeutic Communities, and chair of ISPS UK

Broadcast March 4, 2009

4

Bob Hinshelwood: "Could I say something about the term 'Steering Group'...?"

In a brief and incisive statement, Prof. R.D. Hinshelwood puts his finger on an ongoing crisis and point of decision for the Association of Therapeutic Communities.
Recorded on June 21st, 2003 during a 24-hour conference called to celebrate the 30th anniversary of the Association of Therapeutic Communities. Day 1 concentrated on "The Past". Day 2 concentrated on The Future".

 4

 12th Annual Maxwell Jones Lecture: "Therapeutic Communities: -a natural impulse or evolving technology",

RESPONDENT: DR. PENNY CAMPLING, Consultant Psychiatrist in Psychotherapy, Clinical Director, Francis Dixon Lodge Therapeutic Community, Humberstone, Leics
Broadcast March 4, 2009

 4

Mountain trip by Phoenix Haga community members and some re-entry members and staff. Six days and nights hiking and camping in beautiful Norway. Jeanette interviewing Erik (på Norsk ). Broadcast September 22, 2007

4

"Who's Dropped in to the Archive and study Cnetre?...interviews by Craig Fees." Masha Pichugina and Maria Krivenkova, KITEZH and ORION CHILDREN'S COMMUNITIES, RUSSIA. Broadcast September 29, 2007

 3

Anthony Slater's Audio Diaries: In England. Anthropological observations on the train. 20 minutes from David and Sue Warren-Holland. Broadcast February 24, 2007

 3

 10th International Symposium of Substance Abuse Treatment, Oslo, Norway, 1-3 October 2007. Recordings by Anthony Slater. Evening Jazz with George DeLeon on saxophone. Broadcast October 8, 2007

3

Spotlight on: Fraser House. Programme One: Fraser House - A Total Therapeutic Community. David Cruise interviews Dr. Les Spencer.. Broadcast March 20, 2006

3

 

The top 15 downloads of theses and dissertations, and conference papers

For a full list of theses, dissertations, and papers available on the PETT website, please CLICK HERE.

 

Lisa K. Burns, "Elements for Holistic Sanctuary Design Based ont he Expressed Needs of Traumatized and At-Risk Adolescents", A dissertation presented to the Faculty of Saybrook Graduate School and Research Center in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Psychology (2008)

69

burns2008          
Robin Posniak, "Black Power Meets Flower Power: The Participation and Interaction of Stokely Carmichael and Allen Ginsburg at the DFialectics of Liberation Congress, MA, American Studies, University of Wyoming (2015) 42

Polly Shields, "Finding a place for Forest School (1929-1940) in the history and future of education"

41

Emily Carrick, "Non-Directive Play Therapy with Children and Young People in Residential Care: A Qualitative Study of Play Therapists’ Experiences." MA Non-Directive Play Therapy University of York (2009)

36

Stijn Vandevelde, "Maxwell Jones and His Work in the Therapeutic Community", MEdSc, Ghent University (1999) [translation from Dutch by Dieuwke Twinberrow for PETT]

35

Marc Steele, "'Angels with dirty faces': A reflective study of the journey of a residential care worker's emotional and practical development, in order to aid the development of therapeutic ethos in a private care provision", MA, Therapeutic Child Care, University of Reading (2007)

30

K. Keenan, "Food Glorious Food? An exploration of the issues of anxiety and its containment for childrn and adults surrounding food and mealtimes in a residential therapeutic setting", MA, Therapeutic Child Care, University of Reading (2006)

25

John Diamond, "The Use of Supervision and Consultation to Develop a 'Reflective' Practice with an Emotionally Disturbed Client Group in Group Care Organizations", M.A., University of Reading (1993)

21

Michael Bennett, "Managing to be a Clinically Effective Therapeutic Community", MBA (Health Executive) (2003)

 20

Robin Johnson, "In Search of the Enabling Environment: A comparative study of therapeutic community models and structures, identifying some underlhying modalities or dimensions of interaction", WLIHE Diploma in Applied Social Studies (1981)

20

Lorraine Easterbrook, 'Appendices', to "Does the SACCS Assessment Process contribute to the 'Recovery' of Traumatised Children in the area of Attachment?", MA, Therapeutic Child Care, University of Reading (2006). The actual thesis is online as an html document, so doesn't record as a download. The thesis itself is available here.

17

Deborah Best, "Staff: taking care of ourselves and each other". Paper presented to the Carlow College and the Masters in Therapeutic Child Care Course Conference, "Making All the Difference: A Therapeutic Community Approach to Residential and Community Care", Carlow College, (2009)

13

Carolyn Mears, "Experiences of Columbine Parents: FInding a Way to Tomorrow", PhD, University of Denver (2005)

10

Linnet McMahon, "Communication in daily living with very troubled children and young people." Paper presented to the Carlow College and the Masters in Therapeutic Child Care Course Conference, "Making All the Difference: A Therapeutic Community Approach to Residential and Community Care", Carlow College, (2009)

9
Dave Fernyhough, "A Winnicottian Approach to the Managemern of Challenging Behaviours in Schools", MA, Therapeutic Child Care, University of Reading (2006)

 4

 

 

2017's Wennington/PETT collaboration in the Common Roots Conference was titled "Progressive Education and the Future". It was a 24-hour event. At the close of Day 1, after a delicious meal together,  we celebrated Hylda Sims with the first in a new series of Audiences with people whose lives have been touched by alternative/democratic/progressive education.

 

AN INTERVIEW and OCCASION with HYLDA SIMS

interlocutor: Richard Schofield

06 HyldaHylda Sims: Writer and folk musician, Hylda is the love child of market traders, her early education involving a few days at one school and then another as her parents followed the circuits of Britain's markets and fairs. Things looked up when she became a pupil at Summerhill; and later, a student at the University of Hull, and then the LSE. Hylda writes songs, poetry and novels (including Inspecting the Island, 'the Summerhill novel'). With Freer Spreckley – also from Summerhill – she founded the still active Lifespan community in 19 railway workers' cottages on the South Yorkshire moors. Hylda has worked as an 'Elizabethan Minstrel', a teacher, a specialist tutor and a single parent. She also ran the Skiffle Cellar, a night spot in 1950s Soho; and has for the past twenty years hosted a monthly poetry and music event at the Poetry Café in Covent Garden. Hylda sings with the skiffle and blues group City Ramblers Revival, a reformation of the original City Ramblers skiffle group – recorded on Tempo, Storyville and Topic labels – with whom she toured Europe, appearing at the International Youth Festival in Moscow in 1957 (Remarkably, Youtube has footage of this moment). She divides her time between Norwich and London.

 

1. Background and life story

 

 INTERMISSION

 

2. Poems, songs and stories

 

The Interlocutor: RICHARD SCHOFIELD

At the age of fourteen, when badly failing in a thousand-strong uniformed secondary school in Essex, Richard was sent by his local authority to become one of the hundred or so pupils at Wennington School in the West Riding. The rest is history. (Which includes – after a number of years as an agricultural worker – studying architecture and then typography before teaching newspaper design). Other propellants are the sixties, art school, and the History Workshop movement.